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tanjungputing-nationa-park2

Orangutan Tours 03 Days 02 Nights in Tanjung Puting

ORANGUTAN TOURS 03 DAYS 02 NIGHTS
ORANGUTAN & RIVER SAFARI CENTRAL KALIMANTAN I
Grade: Easy
Start/Finish : Pangkalan Bun Airport

DAY 01: PANGKALAN BUN AIRPORT – KUMAI – TANJUNG PUTING NATIONAL PARK
Upon arrival at Pangkalan Bun Airport you will be picked up by our local staff and take you to Kumai to board on the boat. The boat is a traditional Klotok wooden river boat about 8m by 2.5m with a roof which forms the upper deck where you can view the rain forest as it glides by. The guide’s team includes the boatman, a cook and expert guide. In the peaceful afternoon we will slowly explore the quite river by the klotok while observe the monkeys along the riverside. Dinner on the boat and overnight on the boat or lodge. While overnight on the boat we serve thin mattress, pillow, fine meals, bottled “mineral” water, mosquito net, kitchen, simple toilet available on boat besides the familiar – helpful guides and boatmen (D).

DAY 02: ORANGUTAN EXPLORATION
After breakfast board the klotok to travel up river for about 2 hours boating and then up a side creek to Camp Leakey where the older orangutans are reintroduced into the rain forest. En route stop at Pondok Tanguy, the rehabilitation center for the new ex-captive orangutans. At Camp Leakey you will have opportunity to trek into the rain forest with your expert guide and the forestry rangers to appreciate the flora as well as perhaps sighting wild orangutans, gibbons, macaques, and birds. Lunch provided on boat. Afternoon visit the feeding station to see rehabilitate orangutans are given additional foods. We can guarantee that the tropical rain forest of Borneo and its natural beauty will spoil and make your best of life time adventure experience. Meals and overnight served on the boat. (B, L, D)

DAY 03: TANJUNG PUTING NATIONAL PARK – PANGKALAN BUN AIRPORT
After breakfast boating down to Kumai before transfer by car to Pangkalan Bun airport for your next destination. (B)

End of Service

Orangutans Tour Rates 03 Days 02 Nights

Per Person in US$ Dollar ( US$ ) Based Klotok Overnight
03 Days 02 Nights Orangutan Tours 01 Person 02-04 05-10 11 Up
800 550 500 450
Per Person in US$ Dollar ( US$ ) Based Overnight in Rimba Lodge
03 Days 02 Nights Orangutan Tours 01 Person 02-04 05-10 11 Up
950 650 600 500

 

Package Included :
Tour as per itineraries, Meals, Drinking water, Boat, Guide, Ranger, Rimba Eco Lodge or  Boat accommodation package, entrance fees and permits @ US$ 75/Person.

Package Excluded :
Flight Tickets, Airport tax, Personal expenses, and all the things that we does not copy to this packages, Included Travel Insurance.

Highly recommended to prepared your own Travel insurance.

 

 

 

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tanjungputing-nationa-park3

Orangutan Tours 04 Days 03 Nights in Tanjung Puting

4 DAYS 3 NIGHTS PROGRAME
ORANGUTAN & RIVER SAFARI CENTRAL KALIMANTAN
Grade: Easy
Start/Finish : Pangkalan Bun Airport

DAY 01. PANGKALAN BUN – ORANGUTAN
Upon arrival at Pangkalan Bun Airport you will be picked up by our local staff and take you to Kumai to board on the boat. The boat is a traditional Klotok wooden river boat about 6m by 2m with a roof which forms the upper deck where you can view the rain forest as it glides by. The guide’s team includes the boatman, a cook and expert guide. In the peaceful afternoon we will slowly explore the quite river by the klotok while observe the monkeys along the riverside. Dinner on the boat and overnight on the boat or lodge. While overnight on the boat we serve thin mattress, pillow, fine meals, bottled “mineral” water, mosquito net, kitchen, simple toilet available on boat besides the familiar – helpful guides and boatmen (B,L,D).

DAY 02. ORANGUTAN EXPLORATION
After breakfast board the klotok to travel up river for about 2 hours boating and then up a side creek to Camp Leakey where the older orangutans are reintroduced into the rain forest. En route stop at Pondok Tanguy, the rehabilitation center for the new ex-captive orangutans. At Camp Leakey you will have opportunity to trek into the rain forest with your expert guide and the forestry rangers to appreciate the flora as well as perhaps sighting wild orangutans, gibbons, macaques, and birds. Lunch provided on boat. Afternoon visit the feeding station to see rehabilitate orangutans are given additional foods. We will then sail back down the river to overnight on the boat (B,L,D).

DAY 03 .EXTRA DAY AT THE PARK-WILDLIFE EXPLORATION
The EXTRA DAY at the park you will explore deeper in the jungle, trekking in the different trails, and you may encounter different orangutan both wild or ex-captive and other wildlife, tropical rain forest of Borneo, and different beauty of nature. We can guarantee that the tropical rain forest of Borneo and its natural beauty will spoil and make your best of life time adventure experience. Meals and overnight served on the boat. (B, L, D)

DAY 04 .ORANGUTAN EXPLORATION – NEXT DESTINATION
After breakfast boating down to Kumai before transfer by car to Pangkalan Bun airport for your next destination. In the appropriate time, transfer out to the airport for your next destination. (B)

End of Service

Orangutans Tour Rates 04 Days 03 Nights

Per Person in US$ Dollar ( US$ ) Based Klotok Overnight
04 Days 03 Nights Orangutan Tours 01 Person 02-04 05-10 11 Up
900 660 600 550
Per Person in US$ Dollar ( US$ ) Based Overnight in Rimba Lodge
04 Days 03 Nights Orangutan Tours 01 Person 02-04 05-10 11 Up
1.000 770 700 600

Package Included :
Tour as per itineraries, Meals, Drinking water, Boat, Guide, Ranger, Rimba Eco Lodge or  Boat accommodation package, entrance fees and permits @ US$ 75/Person.

Package Excluded :
Flight Tickets, Airport tax, Personal expenses, and all the things that we does not copy to this packages, Included Travel Insurance.
Highly recommended to prepared your own Travel insurance.

 

 

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tanjungputing-nationa-park4

Orangutan Tours 05 Days 04 Nights in Tanjung Puting

5 DAYS 4 NIGHTS PROGRAME
ORANGUTAN & RIVER SAFARI CENTRAL KALIMANTAN I
Grade: Easy
Start/Finish : Pangkalan Bun Airport

DAY 01 . PANGKALAN BUN – ORANGUTAN
Upon arrival at Pangkalan Bun Airport meeting service and you will be board on the boat. In the peaceful afternoon we will slowly explore the quite river by the klotok while observe the monkeys along the riverside. Dinner and overnight on the boat. .(D)

DAY 02 . BOAT – PONDOK TANGGUI – CAMP LEAKEY
After breakfast board the klotok to travel up river for about 2 hours boating and then up a side creek to Camp Leakey where the older orangutans are reintroduced into the rain forest. En route stop at Pondok Tanguy, the rehabilitation center for the new ex-captive orangutans, see feeding time at 09.00am. Then proceed to Camp Leakey. After lunch on the boat you will have opportunity to take small trek before see feeding time at 14.00 pm for old rehabilitation orangutan given additional foods. Overnight on the boat or at Rimba Lodge. (B,L,D).

DAY 03 . PARK – KUMAI – PANGKALAN BUN – BAKONSU DAYAK VILLAGE
After very early breakfast, boating down to Kumai then transfer by car to drop your luggage at Hotel Pangkalan Bun for about 20 minutes before straight to the speed boat harbor about 5 – 10 minutes away. Please covered your valuable things with dry bags and put suntan lotion for sun protection. We recommend also bring soft ear plugs as the sounds of speed boat is so noisy. You will be boarding your speed boat on the Arut River before change to the Lamandau River . On the way you will pass some villages along the Lamandau River , logging company, and rapids. You will stop for lunch on the way. Upon arrival at Bakonsu Village after 5 – 6 hours drive, our guide will take you to the long house for your accommodation. Sightseeing around the villages and arrange the welcome dancing ceremony. After dinner they will ringing their gong or one of their music instrument to gathering together for this Horn Bill Dancing Party. Lots of people will join and you will be welcome like a King & Queen. Overnight at Long house. (B, L, D)

DAY 04 . BAKONSU DAYAK VILLAGE – PANGKALAN BUN
After breakfast, sightseeing around the village. If you are interested to collect some Dayak Artifacts such as the mask, mat, and carvings this is one of the place that available for this kind of stuffs. After packing your luggage, drive down back to Pangkalan Bun by speed boat. On the way stop at Kotawaringin Palace and sightseeing surrounding. Lunch on the way.Upon arrival at Pangkalan Bun, drive by car back to your hotel. Free program at your own leisure. Overnight at Hotel at Pangkalan Bun. (B, L, D).

Day 05 . PANKALAN BUN – TRANSFER OUT
Free morning program until time transfer to Kumai then to Pangkalan Bun airport for next destination.(B)

End of Service

Orangutans Tour Rates 05 Days 03 Nights

Per Person in US$ Dollar ( US$ ) Based Klotok Overnight
05 Days 04 Nights Orangutan Tours 01 Person 02-04 05-10 11 Up
1.050 770 700 650
Per Person in US$ Dollar ( US$ ) Based Overnight in Rimba Lodge
05 Days 04 Nights Orangutan Tours 01 Person 02-04 05-10 11 Up
1.150 880 800 600

Package Included :
Tour as per itineraries, Meals, Drinking water, Boat, Guide, Ranger, Rimba Eco Lodge or  Boat accommodation package, entrance fees and permits @ US$ 75/Person.

Package Excluded :
Flight Tickets, Airport tax, Personal expenses, and all the things that we does not copy to this packages, Included Travel Insurance.
Highly recommended to prepared your own Travel insurance.

 

 

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bukitlawangjungleinn

Bukit Lawang Jungle Inns – North Sumatra Indonesia

The Jungle Inn is located at the top end of Bukit Lawang, right next to the river crossing across from the Bohorok Orangutan Rehabilitation Centre. Each room in Jungle Inn has a different look and feel. All rooms in Jungle Inn are with attached bathroom and hot shower, some with open sky. The Jungle Inn restaurant offers delicious food. Room rates without breakfast!

Each room at the Jungle Inn has a different look and feel. Prices range from 250,000Rp to 500,000Rp per night. Some with open jungle bathrooms where you can look up at the jungle and sky while taking a shower.

Note: The rooms prices at Jungle Inn have gone up 100,000 per since from 1st February 2012

Honeymoon Suite (2 rooms available): This unique rooms ensure a memorable stay in Bukit Lawang. Both suites are right at the top of Jungle Inn with a large balcony overlooking the river and the jungle. Open bathroom with hot water, large bed with mosquito net, without breakfast. Price per room: 65 Euro/night

River View Room/Jungle View Room
(4 rooms available): Good rooms with a large balcony overlooking the river and the jungle; open bathroom with hot water, large bed with mosquito net, without breakfast. Price per room: 55 Euro/night

Rock Room (3 rooms): One room next to the restaurant, balcony with view to the little way in Bukit Lawang; two rooms, terrace with view to the waterfall, bed with mosquito net, without breakfast.
Price per room: 40 Euro/night

 

 

 

 

 

 

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bukitlawangecolodge

Bukit Lawang Eco Lodge : Gunung Leuser National Park

Welcome to the green heart of the rain forest: Ecolodge Bukit Lawang. Designed to serve as a model for sustainable livelihoods, running the Ecolodge Bukit Lawang is just one of the activities of PPLH Bohorok (The Bohorok Environmental Education Centre) run by Yayasan Ekosistem Lestari or YEL; the Foundation for a Sustainable Ecosystem. As a non-profit organisation all revenues realised by our Ecolodge are put straight back into community development, social programmes and nature conservation.

Ecotourism plays a critical role in protecting and enhancing the environment, both for the guests and for the local communities. We warmly invite you to learn more about us, our acivities, and our green heartbeat.

Located 80 kilometres from Medan, our Ecolodge is nestled in the rain forest bordering the Gunung Leuser National Park, on the banks of the Bohorok river.

We provide you a unique opportunity to enjoy the tropical rain forest, its orang-utans and over 700 other animal species, an enormous wealth of different plant species, jungle treks, including to the bat caves, rafting, our traditional medicine garden, our organic food or just the natural peace and tranquillity of relaxing at the Ecolodge itself.

Bukit Lawang is a small village in North Sumatra and is famous for the largest animal sanctuary of Sumatra Orang-Utan (around 5,000 Orang-Utans occupy the area), and also the main access point to the Gunung Leuser National Park.

Bukit Lawang rehabilitation center for Orang-Utans was founded in 1973. The purpose of the centre is to preserve the decreasing number of Orang-Utan population by rehabilitating Orang-Utans from captivity.

Bukit Lawang Eco-Lodge, located on the bank of the Bohorok river, with peaceful and eco-friendly lodging, right next to the Gunung Leuser National Park. At the entrance to Bukit Lawang turn left and walk downstream of the river and then cross the suspension bridge across to Eco-Lodge.

They grew their own organic vegetables which are served within the restaurant which has a view over the river.

Room Rates :
Bukit Lawang Eco-Lodge has 34 rooms with 4 different styles and prices.

Butterfly room – 8 rooms  – 450,000Rp per night
With Bathroom and shower, fan + mosquito net

Siamang room – 6 rooms  – 500,000Rp per night
Hornbill room – 12 rooms – 600,000Rp per night
Both Siamang and Hornbill room are large than the butterfly with bathroom and shower, fan and mosquito nets.

Orangutan room – 6 rooms – 750,000Rp per night
With open jungle bathroom, shower, fan, mosquito nets and internal garden area.

Thomas Leaf Monkey room have recently been built at Eco-lodge so brand new rooms. Price is 850,000Rp per night.

* Include breakfast, tax and service.
* Safe deposit boxes are available at the front office.
* There is no extra charge for children under 10 years.
* Check-out time: 12:00 pm

Orangutan: has an open aired shower.
Siamang: facing the river, located near organic garden.
Thomas Leaf Monkey: has an open aired bathroom, latest room decoration, bright colored walls.
Hornbill: next to organic garden, usually for group.
Butterfly: facing the river, small shower.

Hotel/Airport Pickup : IDR 650.000 for 1-4 people (please let us know your flight details if you need an airport pickup).

 

 

 

 

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orangutansumatra

How to Get to Tanjung Puting National Park

To reach Tanjung Puting National Park you will need to fly to the airport of
Pangkalan Bun, Kalimantan. Pangkalan Bun =PKB

The easiest option is to fly to Soekarno Hatta International Airport in Jakarta (Java). All
travel agents outside of Indonesia should be able to arrange this. On arrival at Jakarta
airport you have several options, depending on your time and budget.

1. Fly from Jakarta to Semarang And Pangkalan Bun
Journey time approx. 1 hr. One way cost approx. Rp.1.900,000 with Garuda or US$ 230

There are 12 flights daily between Jakarta and Semarang. The last flight departs at
6.00pm. You will probably have to stay overnight in Semarang and then catch a flight to
PKN the next day. There is one early morning flight from Jakarta that connects with the
plane to PKN, but this is risky because you might be delayed and miss the connection.
From Semarang you can take a flight to PKN with either INDONESIA AIR TRANSPORT or TRIGANA AIR next morning (one way cost approx. Rp. 955,000.  Remember these flights have a 10 kg baggage limit. ORANGUTAN EXPLORE can arrange all your flight with 10 % charge from total flight rates.

Flight Schedules
Semarang (Java) to Pangkalan Bun (Borneo)
– INDONESIA AIR TRANSPORT  (13.10 – 14.35) Every Day

2. Take a train from Jakarta Gambir railway station to Semarang
(Journey time approx. 5 ½ hrs – 9 hrs / cost Rp. 80,000 standard class to Rp.270,000 executive class. There are several trains daily).
First take the Damri (public) bus from the airport to Gambir station (Rp. 20,000). From there, take a bajaj (motorised rickshaw; Rp. 15,000) to Stasiun Senen and book your train
ticket. You will need to book your ticket at least 2 hrs in advance. You can either take a long, scenic route by day and arrive at Semarang in the evening and stay there, or take an overnight train from Jakarta to arrive in Semarang early the next morning. There may
be fast trains leaving late afternoon, whereby you could overnight in Semarang before catching a flight to PKN the next morning, but you will need to check this when you arrive in Jakarta.

3. Boat
It is possible to take a ferry from Semarang (Java) to the port of Kumai (on Borneo, a couple of kms from Pangkalan Bun). This is a cheap but very slow and less frequent option. The Pelni ferry is government run and popular with local people. Tickets can be bought at the local Pelni office in Semarang; avoid agencies with commission. Non-Pelni ferries are also recommended, as they are often cheaper, cleaner and faster. Generally,
the journey takes approximately 19 hours (cost approx. Rp 300,000). The  boat schedule is available in Yogyakarta, Solo, Semarang and Jakarta about 2 weeks in advance so you will have to find out the boat times and book the tickets yourself on arrival. As a rule, boats tend to depart every 2/3 days. On arrival in Kumai, you can then arrange to take a local minibus (Rp 15,000) or private taxi (Rp. 90,000) to PKB. (½ hr). You will be able to find more information on www.pelni.com  .

4. Fly from Jakarta to Pontianak (West Kalimantan) and then on to PKN.
(cost Rp 1.496,000 on Kalstar (Mon-Sat) These flights are cheaper but you will have to stay overnight in Pontianak before flying south to Pangkalan Bun, since the small plane to PKB leaves very early in the morning.

Fly from Jakarta to PKN via Palangkaraya (Rp.990,000 on Sriwijaya Air (Mon-Sat, before 1pm)) or via Banjarmasin. You will have to spend a night there before flying into Pangkalan Bun. Flights out of Pangkalan Bun do connect with onward flights to Jakarta. There is also a bus service between Banjarmasin. Please contact an Indonesian travel agent if you are considering this route.

6. Fly from Jakarta to Pontianak (West Kalimantan) and then on to PKB.
(cost Rp 990,000 on Kalstar (Mon-Sat) or Rp 789.000 on INDONESIA AIR TRANSPORT ( Everyday ).

Other Options
Travel to PKN via Kuching (Sarawak, Malaysian Borneo) and Pontianak. Having flown to Kuching, it is possible to catch a bus from Kuching to Pontianak.  The journey takes approximately 9 hours if you catch the PB Bus (air-conditioned, Super Executive Class) which leaves around 10am. There are several other bus companies operating on the route. Overnight in Pontianak and take a morning flight to PKN via Ketapang. Kalstar fly daily at 8.50am (Rp 765,000). Flights from Pontianak to PKN cannot be booked from the Overseas so you will need to book them on arrival. Allow extra time for this. You will need your Indonesian visa before arriving in Kuching. Fly from Denpasar (Bali) to Semarang (via Surabaya, Java)
Served by Merpati (Rp 800.000) Garuda, Silk Air and Wings Air

It is very easy to book advance flights to Denpasar International Airport (Bali) and then to book your flights to Semarang and PKN on arrival. Additionally you can fly from Denpasar to Surabaya and then from Surabaya to PKN (Rp 969,425 on Kalstar). The travel agents in Bali may not have heard of PKN before, but they certainly can book all the tickets.
Make sure you tell them that Pangkalan Bun is in Central Kalimantan, Borneo. The linkhttp://www.lombokmarine.com  should show you all available flights. Be aware that flights are more likely to be delayed than on time! Flights do get fully booked especially during religious holidays

Flight Information

TRIGANA TRANS NUSA AIR
Pangkalan Bun to Semarang
( direct )
11.45 12.10 Everyday Direct
Semarang to Pangkalan Bun 13.10 14.05 same above
Air tickets fare:Semarang-Pangkalan Bun with Trigana Air : Rp. 955.000/person/one way

 

 

 

herman
orangutantanjung

Kalimantan Orangutans Sactuary and National Park

INDONESIAN ORANGUTANS  SACTUARY BORNEO
(1)  Tanjung Puting. Tanjung Puting National Park, just inland from the south coast of Borneo in Central Kalimantan, currently offers rehabilitation at several sites along its main river, the Sekonyer.

Tanjung Puting is coastal lowland, sitting on a peninsula jutting into the Java Sea. The peninsula is low-lying and swampy with a spine of dry ground that rises a few feet above the ever present swamp; nowhere does its elevation rise above 100 ft (Galdikas & Shapiro, 1994). About 205,000 ha of this region was declared a game reserve in 1935, much of representing good orangutan habitat (Aveling & Mitchell, 1982). It was made a National Park in 1982. The park officially covers 3,040 km2 of lowland dipterocarp and peat swamp forest. It is the largest protected forest in Central Kalimantan, one of the largest protected areas of tropical heath forest and peat swamp forest in Southeast Asia, and one of the most important wild orangutan areas in Borneo (Galdikas & Shapiro, 1994; Payne & Andau, 1989).

Camp Leakey, a site on the right branch of the Sekonyer River, was the main base for orangutan rehabilitation in Tanjung Puting from 1971 until the early 1990s. Camp Leakey was initially established by Dr. Biruté Galdikas for research on the resident wild orangutan population. Rehabilitation at Camp Leakey began informally in 1971, when Galdikas agreed with local authorities to accept ex-captive orangutans and assist them to return to free forest lives (Frey, 1978; Galdikas-Brindamour, 1975; OFI website, 1999).

Galdikas began using other sites within the park for orangutan rehabilitation from the late 1980’s (Tanjung Harapan, and briefly Natai Lengkuas). As of 1991 the intent was to cease rehabilitation at Camp Leakey because the camp had become increasingly crowded with rehabilitants, their offspring, and tourists. The crowding caused by the rehabilitants and their offspring probably stressed the wild population. The tourist influx undermined the rehabilitation process and increased the risk of introducing serious human diseases to the rehabilitant orangutans, who could then transmit disease to the wild orangutans.

The Indonesian government, via the national park authorities (PHPA), took over management of all orangutan rehabilitation in Tanjung Puting late in 1991. Since then, two new rehabilitation sites were opened for operation, a first at Tanjung Harapan and a second at Pondok Tandui. In 1995 new regulations came into law in Indonesia that prohibit the reintroduction of rehabilitant orangutans into areas currently supporting wild orangutan populations. Tanjung Puting supports an important wild orangutan population, so the aim is to terminate orangutan rehabilitation in the park. To handle the continuing influx of ex-captive orangutans in Central Kalimantan, a new rehabilitation site is under development at Nyaru Menteng, near the provincial capital of Palangka Raya.

(2)  Bontang. A very small center specifically devoted to orangutan rehabilitation, but little known, operated for several years at Bontang on the edges of Kutai National Park in East Kalimantan. Bontang welcomed tourists, although relatively few visited because of its inaccessible location. It was closed in the mid 1990s when Wanariset took over all orangutan rehabilitation in East Kalimantan.

(3)  Wanariset. Wanariset is a research centre dedicated to conservation-oriented research on tropical forests. It was established in the 1980’s by the Indonesian Department of Forestry, the Indonesian association of forest concession holders, and the Tropenbos Foundation of the Netherlands. It is part of the Forestry Research Institute, Samarinda, which reports to the Agency for Forestry Research and Development of the Indonesian Ministry of Forestry. Wanariset is not situated in a national park or reserve, but on land protected for research purposes 38 km north of the oil city of Balikpapan in East Kalimantan, along the main road to Samarinda.

Willie Smits, Wanariset’s Dutch team leader at the time, initiated an orangutan rescue and rehabilitation project at Wanariset in 1991 with the help of children at the local international school. The project was named the Orangutan Reintroduction Project. ORP’s focus remains the confiscation and rehabilitation of illegally held captive orangutans, but it increasingly devotes effort to a broader range of orangutan protection activities including surveys to identify good orangutan habitat, surveying wild orangutan populations, education, supporting wild orangutan protection efforts, etc.

ORP follows a rehabilitation program developed by Herman Rijksen, which emphasizes extensive medical screening and treatment, strictly limiting human contact, resocialising ex-captives to orangutans, and release into areas free of wild populations. ORP releases ex-captive orangutans in the triangle east of the Barito River and south of the Mahakam River, an area believed to be free of wild populations of orangutans. The reasons for orangutans’ absence are unknown, because the habitat resembles that of adjacent areas that do support wild orangutan populations (IBN-DLO, 1995). To date, ORP has released orangutans into two areas of protected forest—Sungai Wain and Gunung Meratus (Beratus)—that are distant and disconnected from the Wanariset facilities.

Sungai Wain is a water catchment forest with Protection Forest status (hutan lindung) located about 15 km north of Balikpapan and 20-25 km south of Wanariset. Wild orangutans have been absent from this forest since at least 1938 (Westermann, 1938). Officially protected is an area of ~11,000 ha (~ 27,000 acres) of lowland mixed dipterocarp rainforest with extensive swamp areas in the southern part. Around the protected areas of Sungai Wain forest lie another 10,000 ha of logged-over forest and swamp. The forest is bounded on the south by a canal, reservoir, and fencing; on the north by an uninhabited logging concession; on the west by the bay of Balikpapan; and on the east by farmland and the main Balikpapan-Samarinda highway (Smits et al., 1994). Despite its protection status, the forest has suffered considerable encroachment from adjacent human settlements and fires early in 1998 destroyed about 50% of the remaining good forest so that by mid 1998, only about 3500 ha of good forest remained.

The Meratus (Beratus) forest-block is a larger, more remote site. It constitutes an area of State forest land covered by lowland to hill rainforest with some swamp that lies some 30 km NW of Sungai Wain. Its centre has Protection Forest status (hutan lindung) but it was affected by logging incursions from the timber concessions that surround it until 1993. Its periphery is logged-over and has been abandoned by the concessionaires. On one side it borders onto the concession area of a timber production company. It is distant from human settlement, the nearest community being 50 km distant. In ecological terms, the Meratus forest-block is part of the hill and mountain rainforest covering the Pegunungan Meratus region, and the contiguous forest cover of the adjacent concessions.

The Ministry of Forestry accorded 1,200 km2 of this forest-block to the orangutan reintroduction project with Protection Forest status. The area allocated is covered with good quality lowland and hill forest that should offer excellent habitat for orangutans, although much of the area is at elevations greater than 500 m. Elevations in the area reach 1200 m; permanent wild orangutan populations are very rarely found this high. Negotiations are currently under way to increase the protected area available for orangutan reintroductions.

herman
sambojaorangutanislands

Samboja Orangutan Eco Lodge Kalimantan

The Eco Lodge:
A new venture for The Borneo Orangutan Survival Foundation (BOSF) is the construction of our Samboja Lodge facility. Here, for the first time, visitors and volunteers will be able to work closely with us in the many projects currently active in Samboja Lestari in aid of saving our rainforests and the orangutan.

The Lodge’s unique design is based upon local architecture. All interior and exterior walls are made of recycled materials. The cosmetic touches are all traditional Kalimantan handicrafts and are produced by both local and Dayak communities around the Island. You can even purchase these items if you decide you like them!

The Lodge is surrounded by lush vegetation and each room has its own patio or balcony in which to enjoy the greenery. The glass doors can fold open allowing you to choose between having a barrier to nature, or being completely open to it!

The area around the Lodge has been planted with many indigenous tree species, flowers and fruiting trees. There is also a salt lake, which attracts many animals right beside the Lodge. The Lodge rooms also overlook the Orangutan Islands. At night, the evening sky is full of stars and the Southern Cross is easily visible.

It is our hope that your stay with us will encourage you to continue your support for the preservation of our natural spaces. Through our planned visitors activities, you will be able to become a part of our daily work team. In this way, you will gain first hand knowledge on what is required to rebuild a forest and protect its wildlife. So come on, get your hands dirty, work and eat with us, and plant your own special tree as a lasting memory of your visit! You will even be able to track your tree’s progress on the Internet.

Accommodation:
Our rooms

Staying at Samboja Lodge you are in the center of a 2000 hectare reserve of unique, regenerating rainforest. Exotic birds will come to your balcony and tree frogs will “sing” to you in the evening. Samboja lodge offers modern fascilities with an open restaurant serving traditional Indonesian meals. You will have a unique and adventurous learning experience, whilst staying in comfort.

Our Lodge currently has 26 rooms conprising of 22 standard rooms (two single beds each, AC), 2 suites (queen size beds, AC and hot water) and 2 treetops suites (king size beds, fantastic views, AC and hot water).

The Lodge consists of two long levels and a center tower.
The ground level contains 12 rooms (6 on either side of the center tower), each with its own patio, private bathroom and twin beds for double occupancy. Normally we use the lower level to accommodate volunteers. The center tower houses a laundry, kitchen facilites, offices and storages and the area where you can play pool and watch DVD’s on our television.

The upper level has 10 rooms with balcony, private bathroom and twin beds for double occupancy as well. But the upper level also has two VIP guests rooms with Queen size beds, air conditioning and hot water. In the same level you get access to the reception, communal area for dining with a fantastic view of some forest animals and a bar. Here you also can find a computer with Internet connection.
The upper level of the tower accommodates two master VIP suites complete with king size beds, jacuzzi and large picture windows overlooking the Samboja Lestari area.
There is also a large viewing platform which is open to all guests.

Local Weather :
High = 30 C
Low = 27 C

Please email us at info@orangutanexplore.com for up to date room rates.

 

 

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indonesiaapes

The Orangutans of Indonesia Primates in Sumatra and Kalimantan

The orangutans are two species of great apes known for their intelligence, long arms and reddish-brown hair. Native to Indonesia and Malaysia, they are currently found only in rainforests on the islands of Borneo and Sumatra, though fossils have been found in Java, Vietnam and China. They are the only surviving species in the genus Pongo and the subfamily Ponginae (which also includes the extinct genera Gigantopithecus and Sivapithecus). Their name derives from the Malay and Indonesian phrase orang hutan, meaning “man of the forest”. The orangutan is an official state animal of Sabah in Malaysia.

SUMATRA ORANGUTANS
The Sumatran Orangutan (Pongo abelii) is the rarer of the two species of orangutans. Living and endemic to Sumatra island of Indonesia, they are smaller than the Bornean Orangutan. The Sumatran Orangutan grows to about 4.6 feet tall and 200 pounds in males. Females are smaller, averaging 3 feet and 100 pounds.

Compared to the Bornean Orangutan, the Sumatran Orangutans possess a lighter and longer pelage, a longer face, a smaller stature, and flanges that are covered in small white hairs.

Compared to the Bornean Orangutan, the Sumatran Orangutan tends to be more frugivorous and especially insectivorous.Preferred fruits include figs and jackfruits. It also will eat bird eggs and small vertebrates. The Sumatran Orangutans spend far less time feeding on the inner bark of trees.

Wild Sumatran Orangutans in the Suaq Balimbing swamp have been observed using tools. An orangutan will break off a tree branch that’s about a foot long, snap off the twigs and fray one end. It then will use the stick to dig in tree holes for termites. They’ll also use the stick to poke a bees nest wall, move it around and catch the honey. In addition, orangutans use tools to eat fruit. When the fruit of the Neesia tree ripens, its hard, ridged husk softens until it falls open. Inside are seeds that the orangutans love, but they are surrounded by fiberglass-like hairs that are painful if eaten. A Neesia-eating orangutan will select a five-inch stick, strip off its bark, and then carefully collect the hairs with it. Once the fruit is safe, the ape will eat the seeds using the stick or its fingers. Although similar swamps can be found in Borneo, wild Bornean Orangutans have not been seen using these types of tools.

NHNZ filmed the Sumatran Orangutan for its show Wild Asia: In the Realm of the Red Ape; it showed one of them using a simple tool, a twig, to pry food from difficult places. There is also a sequence of an animal using a large leaf as an umbrella in a tropical rainstorm.

The Sumatran Orangutan is also more arboreal than its Bornean cousin; this could be because of the presence of large predators like the Sumatran Tiger. It moves through the trees by brachiation.

The Sumatran Orangutan is more social than its Bornean counterpart. Groups of these orangutans gather to feed on the mass amount of fruiting on the fig trees. However adult males generally avoid contact with other adult males. Rape is common among orangutans. Sub-adult males will try to mate with any female, though they probably mostly fail to impregnate them since mature females are easily capable of fending them off. Mature females prefer to mate with mature males.

Interval birth rates for Sumatran Orangutan were longer than the Bornean ones and are the longest reported interval birth rates among the great apes. Sumatran orangutans give birth when they are about 15 years old. Infant orangutans will stay close to their mother for up to three years. Even after that, the young will still associate with their mother.

Both orangutan species are likely to live several decades; the longevity estimate can span for more than 50 years, with the oldest captive orangutan, Ah Meng, being born in 1960.[6] Nonja, thought to be the world’s oldest in captivity or the wild at the time of its death, died at the Miami MetroZoo at the age of 55.

The average of the first reproduction of P. abelii is around 12.3 years old with no indication of menopause.

In 2002, the World Conservation Union put the species on the IUCN Red List with critically endangered status. A survey in the Lake Toba forests, found only two habited areas, Bukit Lawang (defined as the animal sanctuary) and Gunung Leuser National Park.The survey estimated only 3,500 orangutans still live on Sumatra in 2002. Baby orangutans are often captured and sold as highly prized pets. In order to catch the babies poachers normally have to kill the mother first to prevent her from protecting her baby.

BORNEO ORANGUTANS
The Bornean Orangutan, Pongo pygmaeus, is a species of orangutan native to the island of Borneo. Together with the slightly smaller Sumatran Orangutan, it belongs to the only genus of great apes native to Asia.

The Bornean Orangutan has a life span of about 35 to 40 years in the wild; in captivity it can live to be 60. A survey of wild orangutans found that males are typically 75 kg (165 lb) and 1.2-1.4 m (4-4.7 ft) long; females averaging 38.5 kg (82 lb) and 1-1.2 m (3.3-4 ft) long

There is evidence that there was gene flow between the geographically isolated Bornean Orangutan populations until recently. The Bornean and Sumatran Orangutan species diverged 1.5 – 1.7 million years ago. This occurred well before the two islands (Borneo and Sumatra) separated. The two species of orangutan are more distantly related than the Common Chimpanzee and the Bonobo. Despite the difference, the two orangutan species were only considered subspecies until as recently as 1996, following sequencing of mtDNA.

The Bornean Orangutan has three subspecies:
* Northwest Bornean Orangutan P. p. pygmaeus – Sarawak (Malaysia) & northern West Kalimantan (Indonesia)
* Central Bornean Orangutan P. p. wurmbii – Southern West Kalimantan & Central Kalimantan (Indonesia)
* Northeast Bornean Orangutan P. p. morio – East Kalimantan (Indonesia) & Sabah (Malaysia)

The population currently listed as P. p. wurmbii may be closer to the Sumatran Orangutan (P. abelii) than the Bornean Orangutan. If confirmed, abelii would be a subspecies of P. wurmbii (Tiedeman, 1808). Regardless, the type locality of pygmaeus has not been established beyond doubts, and may be from the population currently listed as wurmbii (in which case wurmbii would be a junior synonym of pygmaeus, while one of the names currently considered a junior synonym of pygmaeus would take precedence for the taxon in Sarawak and northern West Kalimantan). To further confuse, the name morio, as well as various junior synonyms that have been suggested,[1] have been considered likely to all be junior synonyms of the population listed as pygmaeus in the above, thus leaving the taxon found in East Kalimantan and Sabah unnamed.

The Bornean Orangutan lives in tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests in the Bornean lowlands as well as mountainous areas 1500 m in elevation. It lives at different heights in the trees and moves large distances to find trees bearing fruit. Its diet consists of fruit as well as shoots, bark, mineral rich soil and bird eggs. It also eats insects but to a lesser extent than the Sumatran Orangutan.

The Bornean Orangutan travels on the ground more than its Sumatran counterpart. It is theorized this may be in part because there is no need to avoid the large predators which only exist in Sumatra such as the Sumatran Tiger.

The Bornean Orangutan is more solitary than the Sumatran Orangutan. Two or three orangutans that have overlapping territories may interact for small periods of time. Males and females generally come together only to mate. Rape is common among orangutans. Sub-adult males will try to mate with any female, though they probably mostly fail to impregnate them since mature females are easily capable of fending them off. Mature females prefer to mate with mature males.

Newborn orangutans nurse every 3 to 4 hours, and begin to take soft food from their mothers’ lips by 4 months. the first year of its life the baby clings to its mother’s abdomen by entwining its fingers in and gripping her fur. Babies stay with their mothers until they are about 8 or 9 years old and have a long childhood compared to other apes.

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indonesiaprimate

Tanjung Puting National Park – Central Kalimantan Indonesia

Here are so many words that can describe Borneo, including verdant, vast, and vibrant. It is the world’s third largest island with an extremely diverse flora and fauna that include more than 380 species of birds, 222 species of mammals, more than 2,000 species of orchids, and more than 3,000 species of trees. Borneo is one of 17,000 islands that comprise the country of Indonesia, and it’s one of two places on the planet where orangutans live.

Tanjung Puting National Park has several ecosystem types: lowland tropical rain forest, dryland forest, freshwater swamp forest, mangrove forest, coastal forest, and secondary forest.
The Park is dominated by lowland forest plants like jelutung (Dyera costulata), ramin (Gonystylus bancanus), meranti (Shorea sp.), keruing (Dipterocarpus sp.), and rattans.

Endangered and protected species of animal inhabiting the Park include the orangutan (Pongo satyrus), proboscis monkey (Nasalis larvatus), maroon leaf monkey (Presbytis rubicunda rubida), sun bear (Helarctos malayanus euryspilus), lesser Malay mouse deer (Tragulus javanicus klossii), clouded leopard (Neofelis nebulosa), and leopard cat (Prionailurus bengalensis borneoensis).
Tanjung Puting is the largest and most diverse protected example of extensive coastal tropical heath and peat swamp forest which used to cover much of southern Borneo . The area was originally declared as a game reserve in 1935 and a National Park in 1982. While the Park has checkered history of weak protection, nonetheless, it remains substantially wild and natural.

Tanjung Puting is covered by a complex mosaic of diverse lowland habitats. It contains 3,040 sq km2 of low lying swampy terrain punctuated by blackwater rivers which flow into the Java Sea . At the mouth of these rivers and along the sea coast are found Nipa/mangrove swamps. Mangroves teem with animal life. Tanjung Puting also includes tall dry ground tropical rain forest, primarily tropical heath forest, with a canopy of 40 meters (120 feet) with “emergents” exceeding 50
meters (150 ft) in height, seasonally inundated peat swamp forest with peat in layers two meters deep, open depression lakes formed by fire, and open areas of abandoned dry rice fields now covered with elephant grass and ferns. The tropical heath forest which is called “kerangas” in parts of Borneo , is only found on very poor, typically white-sandy soils and is characterized by medium-sized trees.

The best known animals in Tanjung Puting are the orangutans, made famous through the efforts of Orangutan Research and Conservation Program, which is based at the landmark Camp Leakey research station. Tanjung Puting also boasts the bizarre looking proboscis monkey with its “Jimmy Durante” nose as well as seven other primate species. Clouded leopards, civets, and Malaysian sun bears cavort in the park as do mouse deer, barking deer, sambar deer, and the wild cattle known as banteng.

Tanjung Puting hosts over 220 species of birds, including hornbills, deep forest birds and many wetland species. Tanjung Puting is well known for its “bird lakes, ” seasonal rookeries for a half a dozen species of endangered waterbirds, including the only known Bornean nesting grounds for white egrets. Tanjung Puting also has two species of crocodiles, dozens of snakes and frogs, numerous threatened species, including the fortune-bringing and highly endangered “dragon” fish also known as the Arwana (bony-tongue). Among the most flamboyant of these animals are the many species of colorful birds,butterflies, and moths found in the Park.

Tanjung Puting sits on a peninsula that juts out into the Java Sea . The peninsula is low lying and swampy with a spine of dry ground which rises a few feet above the omnipresent swamp. Towards the north of Tanjung Puting is characterized by gentle hills and gold- bearing alluvial plains. Maps of the region commonly portray a ridge of mountains coming down into Tanjung Puting. This ridge does not exist, in fact, nowhere does the altitude rise above 100 feet in Tanjung Puting.

Tanjung Puting is a veritable hothouse of ecodiversity. The diverse habitat zones shelter slightly different fauna and flora providing a great variety of microhabitats for plants and animals and thus, the opportunity for many species to be present in close proximity. In a Bornean context, tropical heath forest by itself is not representative of the largest trees, the tallest canopy, or the most diverse ecosystem.Tropical swamp ecosystems are little represented in protected areas throughout Southeast Asia but are omnipresent in Tanjung Puting. In the peat swamp forest, many trees have stilt roots or aerial roots as adaptations to frequent flooding.

Aside from its remarkable biological attributes, Tanjung Puting is highly important for the well-being of the surrounding local human population. The wetlands provide vital ecological services such as flood control, stream control regulation, erosion control, natural biological filtration system, and seasonal nurseries for fish which are the major source of local animal protein. Many of these services have an impact well beyond the local area.

For instance, the waters surrounding Tanjung Puting attract fishing vessels from many different parts of Indonesia . In addition, local peoplebenefit from a great variety of forest products including honey, waxes, aromatic woods, fibers for ropes and cloth, medicinal plants, fuel oils, thatching materials, rattan, firewood, incense, wild rubber, edible latexes, resins, natural pesticides, fungicides and possible virocides.

For the above reasons and many other reasons not noted, Tanjung Puting is recognized as one of the most important and outstanding provincial treasures in Kalimantan Tengah. The national government has also made a strong commitment to protect the forest, its wildlife and to manage the park wisely. Tanjung Puting has increasingly gained international prestige and recognition. As a result, more and more visitors from throughout the world are experiencing a fresh new outlook on nature and an appreciation of the tropical rain forest which was humankind’s original “Garden of Eden.”

This Park was the first place in Indonesia to become a rehabilitation centre for orangutans. There are now three orangutan rehabilitation locations, Tanjung Harapan, Pondok Tanggui, and Camp Leakey.
The orangutan of Kalimantan has dark reddish fur and no tail. As they get older, the adult males cheeks flesh out, resembling cushions. The older they get, the bigger these cheek flanges grow, giving them a fierce look.
UNESCO has declared Tanjung Puting National Park as a Biosphere Reserve, and it is also a Sister Park to Taman Negara Malaysia under a cooperation agreement between Indonesia and Malaysia.

Interesting locations/attractions:
Tanjung Harapan: this is the first station in the orangutan rehabilitation process. Situated in the midst of secondary forest and swamp forest, it has a guesthouse, an information centre, and trails.

Pondok Tanggui: orangutans that have passed the semi-wild phase are moved to Pondok Tanggui. There, they are closely monitored from a distance, and human contact is avoided.

Camp Leakey: founded in 1971 in the middle of primary forest, this is the location for semi-wild and wild orangutans, and for younger orangutans from birth until three years of age.

Natai Lengkuas: bekantan research station, and watching other animals along the river.

Buluh River and Danau Burung (Bird Lake): watching birds, in particular migrant species.
Among the cultural attractions outside the Park is a traditional rowing contest held in Pangkalan Bun in May.

Best time of year to visit: April to November

How to reach the Park: Jakarta-Semarang-Pangkalan Bun by plane, or from Semarang to Pangkalan Bun by ship. Pangkalan Bun-Kumai by car (8 km). Then, Kumai-Tanjung Harapan by motorized longboat, 1.5-2 hours; or Kumai-Natai Lengkuas, 4-5 hours; Kumai-Tanjung Harapan by fast motor boat, 0.5-1 hour; Kumai-Camp Leakey, 1.5-2 hours; or from Kumai-Natai Lengkuas, 1.5-2 hours.

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